The crinoline dress is the emblem of the feminine fashion in the 1860’s, and also a symbol of modernity: it is the result of the Industrial revolution and the progress made in the manufacture of fabrics, the production and the diffusion of fashions under the reign of Napoleon III.It is also associated with the pomp of the society and the Court of the Second Empire. The crinoline dress also allow designers to express their creativity, as Charles Frederick Worth who launched the notion of Haute Couture. Essential accessory of the fashionable woman, the crinoline contributes, with the corset, to shape a silhouette conforming to the aesthetic and social cannons of the moment. It goes with a rich and varied wardrobe, adapted to the lifestyle of the bourgeoisie.Depending on the conditions of exposure, this theme can be approached with authentic dresses or reenactments. The various social categories can be described, from the Empress to the washerwoman.This theme was presented at the Château de castle of Monte-Cristo (Alexandre Dumas’house), in 2016, and at the Vichy’s Opera.